Backgammon is an ancient board game that combines strategy, luck, and skill. For beginners, understanding the layout of the backgammon board is essential for mastering the game. In this guide, we will explore some essential tips on setting up the backgammon board to get you started.

Understanding the Backgammon Board

The backgammon board consists of 24 narrow triangles called points. These points are divided into four quadrants: two inner boards (home boards) and two outer boards. Each quadrant contains six points, numbered from 1 to 24. The numbering begins at each player’s home board and extends to their opponent’s home board.

Setting Up the Checkers

Each player has 15 checkers in two colors, typically one player uses white and the other uses black. The initial setup of the checkers should be strategic as it impacts your gameplay.

Position Number of Checkers Color
Point 24 2 Black
Point 13 5 Black
Point 8 3 Black
Point 6 5 Black
Point 24 2 White
Point 13 5 White
Point 8 3 White
Point 6 5 White

Key Tips for Beginners

Here are some essential tips to help beginners grasp the backgammon layout and improve their gameplay:

  • Practice Makes Perfect: Familiarizing yourself with the board layout by playing frequently is crucial.
  • Understand the Movement: Learning how checkers move according to the roll of the dice helps in strategizing your moves.
  • Control Your Home Board: Make it difficult for your opponent to enter your home board by occupying key points.
  • Hit and Re-enter: Strategically hit your opponent’s checkers when possible, and know how to re-enter if yours are hit.

Advanced Strategies

As you become more comfortable with the backgammon layout, try incorporating advanced strategies:

  1. The Running Game: Focus on getting your checkers around the board and bearing off quickly.
  2. The Blocking Game: Create blockades to hinder your opponent’s movement.
  3. The Back Game: Keep some of your checkers back to create a trap and hit your opponent’s checkers later in the game.


Mastering the backgammon layout is a fundamental step for any beginner. By understanding the board, setting up your checkers strategically, and applying key tips and advanced strategies, you can significantly improve your chances of winning. Happy gaming!